Nutrients are what shapes the human body. They are the reason we are healthy and can develop more. In many cases, some humans suffer from a deficiency of minerals or vitamins. This could be due to a wrongful diet, genetic disorder, diseases or any used drugs.
However, these deficiencies can sometimes lead to fatal diseases and disorders which should not be taken lightly. One main vitamin in the body that was never studied thoroughly was vitamin B12. This encouraged a team of scientists in Rice University to conduct experiments to get more details on its deficiency effects on the body.
The experiment included the use of roundworms to understand the connection between low vitamin B12 and infections. The worms are like humans in the fact that they cannot produce their own B12 vitamin and can only intake it through diet. It has been observed in the lab that the worms will have many health issues if were deprived of B12.
One of the main setbacks is the loss of their ability to break down branched-chain amino acids (BCAA). These amino acids will lead to toxicities and eventually the death of the worm. The results are expected to be similar for humans and it is a concern for the study.
Numbers showed that almost 10% of all adults in the United States suffer from vitamin B12 deficiency. According to lead author Natasha Kirienko, “We used C. elegans to study the effect of diet on a host and found that one kind of food was able to dramatically increase resistance to multiple stressors — like heat and free radicals — as well as to pathogens.”