The role played by Omega-3 and Omega-6 in Childhood Asthma

According to the latest research issued, the two known fatty acids, Omega-3 & Omega-6, may lead to the severity of breathing issue in children i.e. Asthma and might also play reverse roles of altering their response towards indoor air pollution

In the article, Emily P who is an MHS & MD, along with the co-authors reported that children with higher dietary intake of Omega-3 faced less severe asthma as a result of intense levels of particulate air pollution. On the other hand, Omega-6 led to severe asthma & higher symptoms as a reaction to higher levels of indoor particulate pollution.

Doctor Brigham, Lead study author said: “There is mounting evidence that diet, particularly omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, may play a role in lung health. Many children in the U.S., including those in Baltimore City [Maryland], where we conducted our research, consume a diet that deviates sharply from national guidelines. Typically, this means they are eating low amounts of omega-3, and higher amounts of omega-6. Because children with asthma are already prone to inflammation and respiratory symptoms, we wanted to see if these fatty acids could be further contributing to their disease severity and symptoms in response to indoor air pollution, which is often elevated in inner-city homes.”

Nearly 135 children aged from 5-12 with asthma were included in the study. 96% of them were African and 47% were females. Around one by third of the children suffered from mild asthma, one-third by moderate and the rest by severe asthma. Their intake of food, symptoms, and medication used for treatment was observed for a week at the time of enrollment & again at the 3rd and 6th month for one week.

Since the research wasn’t randomized/control trialed rather observational, limitations for the study included the fact that either the child or the parent’s help was taken to assess the intake of fatty acids. There would have been other factors that could have contributed to the association with asthma health.

Bringham stated: “If there is a causal relationship between diet and asthma, a healthier diet may protect children with asthma, particularly minority children living in the inner city, from some of the harmful effects of air pollution. Among vulnerable populations, we may find that improving diet and air pollution together has the greatest impact on asthma health.”