How Universal Health Coverage can be achieved by developing countries?

Outstanding progress has been made by Vietnam in recent years towards the achievement of Universal Health Coverage, acknowledgments partly to the government for embracing the long-term public-private partnerships. For the countries who have faced difficulty in broadening access to quality care, this model might be very beneficial if embraced.

As part of the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals, Almost every country around the world has committed to achieving Universal health coverage by the end of 2030. However, a few countries are flourishing way faster than the others in providing reasonable access not only to health services but also to the affordable vaccines & medicines. Vietnam is amongst the leading ones.

At present, 87.7 percent of the population of Vietnam is covered by health insurance. According to the most recent Global Monitoring Report on Universal Health Coverage, published mutually by the World Bank and the World Health Organization, 97 percent of children in Vietnam now receive the quality of immunization, as compared to the 95 percent of US children. There has been a drop of 75 percent in the maternal mortality rate of the country since 1990.

Vietnam has been able to reach a successful milestone, in spite of having an average per capita income of only $2342 in 2017. The main reason for its success isn’t the scale of how much it invests in the healthcare, but instead how the government makes use of its resources, inclusive of the intellectual capital of the country.

The strategic approach of Vietnam can be seen in the department of Health’s Direction of Healthcare Activities system, which needs the facilities at the provincial, as well as, central levels of the government administration to assist establish the capacity of community and district facilities. The major objective of this scheme is the shifting of the burden of providing medical services from the higher-level hospitals onto the lower-level main healthcare facilities