A statement was published by The US Food and Drug Administration recently that they are looking into specific dog food formulations responsible for likely heart failure in dogs. In addition to this, the report specified some brands which reflected the frequency of heart failure.
Although the Food and Drug Administration has been looking into dog food labeled as “grain free” since last year, the most recent statement is the first time that the agency has mentioned brands that appear to be associated more than others with canine dilated cardiomyopathy.
Reports were gathered between January 2014 & April 2019 which totaled to 515 reported cases of canine dilated cardiomyopathy. Amid the 515, there were 222 proclaimed cases between December 2018 & April 2019.
Particularly, the Food and Drug Administration is looking at the association between the significant presences of grain-free diets amongst those with dogs who experienced lethal heart disease.
FDA stated that with the dilation of heart & its chambers, it becomes difficult for the heart to pump blood, and heart valves might leak, leading to a buildup of fluids in the chest and abdomen.
In addition to this, the FDA said that DCM is recognized as a genetic condition in dogs, mainly in large or giant breeds like Great Dane, Doberman pinscher, and the Irish wolfhound. But the majority of the reported cases were of breeds which were not previously known to be genetically disposed to the disease.
Specifically, the condition initiated to show on much smaller breeds who required less work from the heart.
Grain free dog foods consist of a higher proportion of lentils, peas, other legume seeds, and potatoes in various forms.
According to the Food and Drug Administration, there were 16 significant grain free dog food brands associated with DCM in dogs.